Did you know that it costs an average of $24,187 to install solar panels on your home? Some homeowners choose to build their own panels to reduce that cost.

Have you considered building a solar panel on your own but don’t know where to start? Are you looking for a solar panel guide to explain the process?

DIY panels aren’t as tricky to build as you might think. Read on to learn how to build a solar panel in a few easy-to-follow steps.

What Is a Solar Panel?

A solar panel gathers sunlight and changes it into electricity to use. Solar panels typically consist of solar cells that are created from silicon.

They also include wiring, a metal rack, and a glass cover. Solar panels are usually around 4′ wide and 6′ tall. A finished panel looks similar to a standard window.

How to Build a Solar Panel

First, you’ll need to buy some solar cells for your panel. A standard solar panel uses around 36 solar cells.

Buy pre-soldered wiring to eliminate some steps and simplify the process. Keep in mind that you’ll still need a soldering iron to secure the wiring to the panel’s backing.

You’ll want to secure the cells to a non-conductive backing. Wood is a great option for DIY panels because it’s easy to drill through. Simply glue the cells to the wood backing and solder their wiring together. 

Sealing Your Panel

You’ll want to seal your panel after the cells get glued and wired. You’ll use a layer of plexiglass for the panel’s seal.

The plexiglass protects your panel from heat, debris, and moisture. You can also use tempered glass but it will reduce your panel’s efficiency.

Solar Panel Racking

Solar racking helps attach panels to different surfaces like roofs or stand on the ground. You’ll need to purchase a size that matches your DIY panel.

Racking systems come with clamps so that you can easily connect your panels to them. You can also build your own racking instead of using a kit if you prefer.

Installing a Solar Inverter

A solar inverter turns the energy output from your DIY solar panels into useable electricity. Then, you can use it to power your home, RV, or commercial building.

Installing a solar inverter takes advanced electrical knowledge. They need to be connected to the electrical grid which can be dangerous.

Consider hiring a professional solar installer for this step. They will do the hookup safely and effectively using the proper permits. You can get solar installation here for an affordable price. 

Ready to Build a Solar Panel?

Now you know how to build a solar panel and get it hooked up for use. Don’t forget to seal your panel tightly to protect your work from damage! Also, never hesitate to use an expert to safely connect your solar panel system to the grid.

Remember this DIY guide and start enjoying the benefits of solar energy while saving money. Check out our home life category for more amazing solar energy information.

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